IPM Pest and Plant Disease Models and Forecasting
 
DD calculator linked to US map
for Agricultural, Pest Management, and Plant Biosecurity Decision Support in the US
 USPEST.ORG/WEA: List of available Phenology/Degree Day models. Table of DD model/calculator usage
 Note: click on table header to sort table

# Model/links to general info. Abbrev Image Links to
run model &
model summary
Type Model Documentation if avail. Region of Known Usage Validation Status Lower
Threshold
1. Degree-Day Calculator aaa adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
generic calculator general introduction USA in regular use 41
2. Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri [citrus] acp adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC synth. UC Davis IPM Florida under development 52
3. apple maggot 1st emerge [cherry, apple] am1 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Jones etal 89 Utah testing 44
4. apple maggot % emerge [cherry, apple] am2 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Jones etal 89 UT and OR testing 44
5. apple scab infection season [apple] asc damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease Gadoury etal 1995 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 32
6. pear scab infection season [pear] asp damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease MCAREC/Spotts Pacific Northwest in use in W. Oregon 32
7. Alfalfa Weevil #1 [alfalfa] aw1 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect U WY from: Harcourt 1981 Northern US/S. Canada Northern States (ND, WY) 48
8. bertha armyworm [vegetables] baw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Bailey 1976 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 45
9. black cutworm Mich. State Univ. [vegetables] bcw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Luckmann etal 1976 UC Davis Pacific Northwest partly validated 50
10. brown marmorated stink bug [multiple] bms adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect Nielsen etal 08 data collected in PA under development - new invasive species 54
11. broccoli [Arcadia] bra adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 32
12. broccoli [Emerald Pride] bre adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 32
13. broccoli [Green Magic] brg adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 32
14. broccoli [Imperial] bri adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 32
15. Barley brl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
16. cabbage looper U. Minn. [vegetables] cbl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Toba etal 1973 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 50
17. corn earworm [sweet corn] cew adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Hartstack etal 1976 Pacific Northwest partly validated 55
18. w. cherry fruit fly v2 [cherry E. of Cascades] cf2 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Jones etal 91,Song etal 2004 dev. in UT (Cache Co.), WA (Chelan Co.), and Mid-Columbia OR in general use, revised June 2011 41
19. w. cherry fruit fly [cherry W. of Cascades] cff adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect AliNiazee 1979 Pacific Northwest-W. of Cascades fully validated 41
20. chick Pea-Desi int grwth req stress for matur chk adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
21. codling moth revised 06 [apple & pear] cl2 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Knight 2006 used in WA actively undergoing evaluation 50
22. codling moth WSU [apple & pear] cl3 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Jones etal 2008 support for use in WA only actively undergoing evaluation 50
23. cereal leaf beetle [grasses] clb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Fulton etal 1975 OSU, OSU synth. used in USA requires local validation 48
24. codling moth [apple & pear] clm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Brunner and Hoyt (1987) Pacific Northwest Fully tested and in use 50
25. cabbage maggot - Delia radicum (L.) cm1 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Dreves 2005 newsletter (pdf) info cards (pdf) Pacific Northwest partly validated 39.7
26. cucumber-Marketmore 76 (dir. seeded) cmds adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews etal 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
27. cucumber-Marketmore 76 (transplant) cmtp adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
28. canola (Arg) ind. grwth-flwr untl strssd cnl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
29. canola (Pol) ind. grwth habit, flwr untl strssd cnp adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
30. canary cnr adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
31. cucumber-Cobra (direct seeded) cuco adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
32. cucumber-Dasher II (direct seeded) cuda adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
33. cucumber-Extreme (direct seeded) cuex adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
34. cucumber-Supremo (direct seeded) cusu adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
35. cucumber-Zapata (direct seeded) cuza adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Andrews et al 2016 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 50
36. downy brome db weed closeup
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
weed Dan Ball etal 2004 publication (pdf) inland Pacific NW validated - see publication 32
37. douglas-fir needle midge [fir] dnm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect IPPC synth. now testing in W. Oregon under development - unvalidated 39
38. emerald ash borer [ash trees] eab adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect Duarte 2013 IPPC synth. Developed from 2011-2012 data in Great Lakes region US Could benefit from data from additional years and regions 50
39. early blight (A. solani) [potato tomato] ebl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease Gent Schwartz 03 MSU Potato Lab for use in most US states newly added-undergoing evaluation 44.6
40. european grapevine moth [grapes] egm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect UC Coop Ext 2010-11 Calibrated for CA Bay Area Experimental, undergoing validation work 50
41. european pine shoot moth [nursery] eps adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Regan etal 1990 Pacific Northwest partly validated 28
42. Fenders blue butterfly [Kincades Lupine] fbb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
endangered species IPPC synth. Greg Fitzpatrick W. Oregon new - use with caution 41
43. cougarblight 2010ez-fire blight [apple, pear] fbl damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease Smith WSU Pacific Northwest Validated & In Use - Contact Ken Johnson at johnsonk@science.oregonstate.edu 50
44. filbertworm [hazelnut] fbw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Aliniazee (1983) Pacific Northwest partly validated 50
45. flax stage early in day before flwr ptls fall off flx adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
46. fruittree leafroller [tree fruits & ornament.] ftl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Judd etal 93 developed in BC, Canada unknown 41
47. Galerucella calmariensis [weed biocontrol] gca adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect IPPC synth. v2 Cornell Univ. VA,OR,WA under development 50
48. gypsy moth egg hatch [mixed oak] gm1 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect Russo etal 1993 East Coast US partly validated 37.4
49. gypsy moth larvae & pupae [mixed oak] gm2 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect Carter etal 1992 East Coast US partly validated 45.8
50. gypsy moth from Jan 1 [oak-maple] gm3 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect Sheehan-simpl. Midwest & PNW US experimental 42
51. hop downy mildew season initiation [hop] hdm damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease Gent etal 2010 full pub. Hop IPM (pdf) Pacific Northwest supported in Oregon 42.8
52. hairy nightshade hns adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
weed CROPTIME weed model W. OR research model - not yet validated 40
53. isomate-c+ ism damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect mating disruption dispenser Pacific Biocontrol Corporation Data Pacific Northwest experimental 32
54. Japanese flower thrips [vegetables] jft adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC synth. data from Murai 2001 under development 52
55. Japanese beetle [multiple crops] jpb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect APHIS data potential for use in US incomplete based on trapping data several years 50
56. Japanese pine sawyer beetle [pine trees] jpsb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC synthesis Dev. for use in US incomplete based on several studies mainly from Japan and Korea 54
57. Light Brown Apple Moth [omnivorous] lba adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC synth. W. USA new - use with caution 45
58. lambsquarter lbq adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
weed CROPTIME weed model W. OR research model - not yet validated 42
59. lentil (int. grwth chars) - flwr untl strssd lnt adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
60. Lacanobia fruitworm [apple & pear] lsu adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Doerr etal (2002) article by Jay Brunner Washington partly validated in WA 44
61. Lygus bug [alfalfa seed] lyg adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Ben Simko 2000 E. Oregon, SW Idaho partly validated 52
62. mint flea beetle mfb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Berry etal Pacific Northwest partly validated 41
63. mummy berry infection season, APS Overview [blueberry] mmb damage
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
disease Pscheidt 2014 W. Oregon experimental 32
64. Metaseiulus occidentalis moc adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
mite predator Tanagoshi etal 1975 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 52
65. mint root borer mrb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Berry etal Pacific Northwest partly validated 50
66. mustard J (Brwn&Orntl) ind grwth-flwr untl strss msj adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
67. mustard (Yellow) indet grwth-flwr untl strssd msy adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
68. Neoseiulus fallacis nfa biocontrol
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
mite predator Dover etal 1979 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 54
69. Oak Ambrosia Beetle [oak trees] oab adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC model analysis Dev. for use in US presumptive model based on several studies mainly from Japan 52
70. oat oat adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
71. obliquebanded leafroller [tree fruits] ob2 adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Brunner etal (1997) Pacific Northwest not fully tested 43
72. obliquebanded leafroller [hazelnut] obl adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Gang. and Ali. (1985) Pacific Northwest partly validated 50
73. oriental fruit moth [stone fruit] ofm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect CA IPM California partly validated 45
74. omnivorous leaftier [multiple crops] olt adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect OSU vers. 1.0 developed for use in NW USA new model would benefit from local validation 36
75. orange tortrix (cold winter) [small fruit] otc adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Knight (1988) Pacific Northwest partly validated 41
76. orange tortrix (mild winter) [small fruit] otm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Knight (1988) Pacific Northwest partly validated 41
77. pink bollworm [cotton] pbo adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect UC Davis Cotton IPM 1996 model #3 UC IPM CA AZ NM used in CA 55
78. pecan nut casebearer [pecan] pcb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Jackman and Harris (1988) in current use in NM and TX; OK version slightly different use with caution; requires local validation 38
79. pea (yellow-determinate or indeterminate growth chars.) pea adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
80. Pandemis leafroller [tree fruits] plr adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Brunner (1991) Pacific Northwest partly validated 41
81. pepper-Bell king (transplant 4-7 lvs) ppbk adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Stoven et al 2017 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 52
82. pepper-Gatherers gold (transplant 4-7 lvs) ppgg adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Stoven et al 2017 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 52
83. pepper-King Arthur (transplant 4-7 lvs) ppka adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Stoven et al 2017 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 52
84. pepper-Stocky red roaster (transplant 4-7 lvs) ppsr adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Stoven et al 2017 W. Oregon new model-not yet fully validated 52
85. potato psyllid [potato, tomato] ppsy adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect OSU Synthesis data collected in OR, ID, WA, TX, NZ, AZ under development for PNW region - pest of potato 40
86. pine shoot beetle [pine trees] psb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect IPPC synth. now testing for US under development - unvalidated 54
87. peach twig borer [stone fruits] ptb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect 2007 USU Ext. WSU IPM info used in NW USA requires local validation 50
88. Pine Tree Lappet Moth [pine trees] ptlm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect IPPC model analysis Dev. for use in US draft model based on several studies mainly from Europe 45
89. redroot pigweed rpw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
weed CROPTIME weed model W. OR research model - not yet validated 46
90. safflower (Saffire) saf adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
91. small broomrape (red clover) sbr weed group
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
weed Colquhoun. see Weed Handbook and model summary (pub in press) Western Oregon newly validated 32
92. sweet corn [Jubilee] scn adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Coop etal 1993 Pacific Northwest partly validated 50
93. San Jose scale [tree fruits] sjs adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Rice etal (1982) Pacific Northwest partly validated 51
94. sunflower early dwarf hybrds snf adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
95. sugarbeet root maggot srm adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Bechinski etal 1990 Pacific Northwest partly validated 47.5
96. strawberry root weevil [peppermint] srw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Cacka (1982) Pacific Northwest partly validated 48
97. strawberry root weevil [strawb.] srx adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Umble, Fisher 2002 Pacific Northwest not fully tested 40
98. sunflower stem weevil ssw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Merrill etal 2010 W. Great Plains partly validated 41
99. spotted wing Drosophila [fruit] swd adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect OSU vers. 3.0 potential for use in US partly validated-has been compared to 2 years of field data in PNW 50
100. spotted wing Drosoph overwint mortal [fruit] swo adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect OSU synth potential for use in US under development - use with caution 53
101. testing new swd [fruit] sww
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
invasive insect OSU vers. 4.0 potential for use in US partly validated-has been compared to 2 years of field data in PNW 50
102. threecornered alfalfa hopper [legumes, grapes] tcah adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect OSU Synth. data collected in TX, ARK, LA, SC, KY, GA, CA under development - new pest of winegrapes 52
103. variegated cutworm [peppermint] vcw adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Coop & Berry (1987) Pacific Northwest partly validated 41
104. western bean cutworm [corn & beans] wbc adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Neb. IPM developed in Neb. unknown 50
105. western flower thrips [vegetables] wft adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect IPPC synth. data from numerous sources under development 45
106. wheat (Bauer model) [spring wheat] whb adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Bauer etal 1984 scale guide Western States in use 32
107. walnut husk fly [walnut] whf adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
insect Kasana & AliNiazee (1997) Pacific Northwest-W. of Cascades developed but not calibrated or validated 41
108. wheat R whr adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Miller MSU, Misc. refs Montana partly validated 32
109. winter wheat wht adult
summary
run:
ddmodel.us
MyPest Page
crop Karow etal 1993 Pacific Northwest new prototype version - Contact Russ Karow at karowr@css.oregonstate.edu 32

National Plant Diagnostics Network Integrated Plant Protection Center at Oregon State University IPM PIPE The PRISM Group at OSU Western
Region Pest Management Center National Institute of
Food and Agriculture

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