IPMP3.0, Oregon State University, Copyright 2000

Biocontrol of Twospotted Spider Mite


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[Predator Mites]

[Twospotted Spider Mite]

[Insect Management]



Mark A. Morris
for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Entomology
presented on January 20, 1998,
Oregon State University

Title: Biological Control of Tetranychus urticae (Koch) on Peppermint by Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman): Density Relationships, Overwintering, Habitat Manipulaiton and Pesticide Effects

Several aspects affecting population trends and overwintering of Neoseiulus fallacis (Garman) on peppermint were examined. Neoseiulus fallacis was the most abundant phytoseiid predator mite found in peppermint surveys throughout the western U.S. Results of pesticide exclusion and cage studies showed that N. fallacis controlled Tetranychus urticae (Koch) on peppermint in central Oregon.

N. fallacis overwintered in the field mostly in dead peppermint leaves and debris. Augmenting plots with dead leaves increased overwintering survival of N. fallacis while the removal of dead leaves decreased overwintering success. Fall applied carbofuran nearly eliminated N. fallacis, leading to outbreaks of T. urticae the following spring (see Morris et al., 1996).

Fall flaming peppermint fields in central Oregon decreased densities of N. fallacis. By spring, more spider mites were found in flamed fields compared with unflamed fields. More N. fallacis motiles and eggs were found after harvest on prostrate peppermint plants compared to erect peppermint plants. There were no differernces detected in the densities of spider mites on prostrate compared to erect plants. The net effect of this temporal-spacial asynchrony may be to stabilize the predator-prey interaction. Because predator mites dispersed 7.5 m from unflamed peppermint plots to surrounding flamed areas, providing unflamed refuges for predator mites may reduce the negative impact of fall flaming on spider mite contrrol (see Morris et al., 2000).

Populations of T. urticae collected from western Oregon, central Oregon, and Montana were found to be dicofol resistant. Resistance to dicofol in T. urticae and ...