IPMP3.0, Oregon State University, Copyright 2000

Biology and Management of Field Bindweed


Registered Herbicides

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   Field Bindweed

General Description:

  • Seedling: Cotyledons are spatulate in shape, and are broad and indented at the tip. True leaves are alternate and spade or heart shaped.
  • Juvenile: Leaves are alternate, heart shaped, and have blunt tips.
  • Mature: The mature plants look like the juveniles, but have flowers, and have a prostrate growth form.
  • Flowers: Flowers are pink or white and funnel shaped. There are two small bracts about one inch below the flowers.
  • Biology: Field bind weed is a perennial weed, and spreads both by seed and creeping roots.

Life cycle: perennial

Impact on Yield:

  • Field bindweed is usually found as patch infestations in mint stands and growers often avoid harvesting mint from pattches heavily infested with field bindweed.
  • Field bindweed has been shown to reduce peppermint oil yield by as much as 35.4 lbs per acre (Ian Heap).

Herbicide Control Notes:

  • Many growers find crop injury with Vine-Der unacceptable. Lower rates may reduce crop injury; however, weed control might be compromised by rates lower than those labeled.