Online Phenology Models and Degree-day Calculator
immaturedamagepupaadult
orange tortrix (mild winter) [small fruit]
insect model of Knight (1988)


Output from uspest.org/wea insect degree-day/phenology model program:
	Heat Units and predictions of key events from daily weather data
==============================MODEL INPUTS================================ Model species/general links: orange tortrix (mild winter) [small fruit] Type: insect Model source/other links: Knight (1988) Calculation method: single sine Lower threshold: 41 degrees Fahrenheit Setting upper threshold to: 130 F (default) Directions for starting/BIOFIX: calendar date No starting/BIOFIX date, set to: default date 1 1 No ending date, set to: default date 12 31 Model validation status: partly validated Region of known use: Pacific Northwest ==============================EVENTS TABLE================================ 1. 850 DDs after biofix: peak pheromone trap catch 2. 950 DDs after biofix: peak female adult emergence 3. 1000 DDs after biofix: peak egg laying 4. 1270 DDs after biofix: peak egg hatch 5. 2070 DDs after biofix: peak in density large larvae ==============================MODEL OUTPUT================================ Weather station: 2018 KVUO METAR Vancouver Pearson Fld WA Lat:45.6203 Long:-122.6564 Elev:26 mn day max min precip DD41 CUMDD41 event -- --- ----- ----- ------ ---- ------- ------- 1 1 44.60 28.00 0.00 0.73 0.7 * START * 1 2 44.60 26.60 0.00 0.70 1.4 1 3 46.90 30.20 0.00 1.55 3.0 1 4 46.40 33.80 0.09 1.58 4.5 1 5 52.00 39.00 0.25 4.84 9.4 1 6 51.80 35.10 0.28 4.00 13.4 1 7 45.00 37.40 0.16 1.31 14.7 1 8 45.00 35.10 0.37 1.13 15.8 1 9 48.90 39.20 0.17 3.39 19.2 1 10 46.90 41.00 0.08 2.95 22.2 1 11 57.90 44.10 0.74 10.00 32.2 1 12 53.60 48.00 0.08 9.80 42.0 1 13 57.90 37.40 0.00 7.30 49.3 1 14 57.20 33.80 0.00 6.25 55.5 1 15 57.20 35.10 0.09 6.48 62.0 1 16 55.90 39.20 0.04 6.80 68.8 1 17 52.00 39.20 0.56 4.89 73.7 1 18 52.00 42.10 0.11 6.05 79.7 1 19 48.20 41.00 0.04 3.60 83.3 1 20 48.90 42.80 0.01 4.85 88.2 1 21 51.80 43.00 0.17 6.40 94.6 1 22 48.90 42.10 0.19 4.50 99.1 1 23 46.40 41.00 0.86 2.70 101.8 1 24 52.00 42.10 0.47 6.05 107.8 1 25 46.90 39.00 0.29 2.39 110.2 1 26 48.20 41.00 0.31 3.60 113.8 1 27 53.60 42.10 0.11 6.85 120.7 1 28 55.90 48.00 0.23 10.95 131.6 1 29 53.60 46.00 0.41 8.80 140.4 1 30 50.00 35.60 0.07 3.26 143.7 1 31 48.20 37.40 0.00 2.72 146.4 2 1 50.00 41.00 0.12 4.50 150.9 2 2 60.80 44.10 0.02 11.45 162.4 2 3 57.20 42.80 0.20 9.00 171.4 2 4 60.80 46.40 0.00 12.60 184.0 2 5 57.90 37.90 0.00 7.43 191.4 2 6 52.00 35.10 0.00 4.09 195.5 2 7 59.00 35.60 0.00 7.43 202.9 2 8 55.40 37.00 0.00 6.01 208.9 2 9 51.80 37.00 0.00 4.31 213.2 2 10 50.00 32.00 0.00 2.86 216.1 2 11 48.90 33.80 0.00 2.58 218.7 2 12 48.90 28.00 0.00 2.15 220.8 2 13 51.80 23.00 0.23 2.93 223.7 2 14 46.90 33.10 0.12 1.72 225.5 2 15 48.90 35.60 0.05 2.78 228.2 2 16 50.00 42.10 0.06 5.05 233.3 2 17 55.90 42.10 0.07 8.00 241.3 2 18 43.00 32.00 0.17 0.37 241.7 2 19 39.90 28.00 0.01 0.00 241.7 2 20 34.00 30.20 0.25 0.00 241.7 2 21 36.00 19.40 0.07 0.00 241.7 2 22 39.20 28.40 0.59 0.00 241.7 2 23 39.20 21.20 0.01 0.00 241.7 2 24 48.90 37.00 0.04 2.97 244.6 2 25 46.40 33.10 0.17 1.53 246.2 2 26 44.60 30.20 0.00 0.78 246.9 2 27 46.40 35.10 0.07 1.68 248.6 2 28 45.00 41.00 0.31 2.00 250.6 3 1 48.90 39.00 0.06 3.34 254.0 3 2 50.00 37.00 0.00 3.47 257.4 3 3 51.80 32.00 0.00 3.61 261.1 3 4 51.80 30.20 0.00 3.44 264.5 3 5 51.80 32.00 0.06 3.61 268.1 3 6 59.00 28.00 0.00 6.25 274.4 3 7 54.00 30.20 0.00 4.35 278.7 3 8 57.90 37.40 0.22 7.30 286.0 3 9 54.00 35.10 0.00 5.00 291.0 3 10 64.00 30.00 0.00 8.75 299.8 3 11 66.20 37.00 0.00 11.24 311.0 3 12 70.00 35.60 0.00 12.72 323.7 3 13 62.60 46.00 0.40 13.30 337.0 3 14 54.00 39.00 0.03 5.81 342.8 3 15 55.40 37.00 0.26 6.01 348.8 3 16 53.60 39.00 0.07 5.62 354.5 3 17 52.00 39.20 0.46 4.89 359.3 3 18 53.60 41.00 0.01 6.30 365.6 3 19 57.20 33.10 0.00 6.14 371.8 3 20 62.60 30.20 0.00 8.15 379.9 3 21 53.60 33.80 0.26 4.62 384.6 3 22 50.00 39.20 0.49 3.92 388.5 3 23 46.40 37.40 3.68 1.91 390.4 3 24 45.00 37.00 0.13 1.27 391.7 3 25 53.60 39.20 0.06 5.67 397.3 3 26 50.00 39.20 0.02 3.92 401.2 3 27 57.20 46.40 0.04 10.80 412.0 3 28 57.00 41.00 0.00 8.00 420.0 3 29 61.00 33.80 0.00 8.02 428.1 3 30 57.20 44.60 0.00 9.90 438.0 3 31 64.40 44.10 0.00 13.25 451.2 4 1 48.90 41.00 0.31 3.95 455.2 4 2 53.10 34.00 0.00 4.42 459.6 4 3 53.60 30.20 0.00 4.19 463.8 4 4 59.00 46.00 0.03 11.50 475.3 4 5 54.00 48.20 0.34 10.10 485.4 4 6 66.90 51.10 0.37 18.00 503.4 4 7 62.60 48.20 0.90 14.40 517.8 4 8 55.40 46.90 0.13 10.15 527.9 4 9 66.20 37.40 0.01 11.35 539.3 4 10 62.60 50.00 0.10 15.30 554.6 4 11 57.20 44.10 0.21 9.65 564.2 4 12 51.80 42.10 0.05 5.95 570.2 4 13 55.90 46.40 0.03 10.15 580.3 4 14 59.00 50.00 0.18 13.50 593.8 4 15 50.00 44.60 0.46 6.30 600.1 4 16 50.00 42.10 0.01 5.05 605.2 4 17 55.40 43.00 0.02 8.20 613.4 4 18 64.00 41.00 0.00 11.50 624.9 4 19 68.00 35.60 0.00 11.75 636.6 4 20 66.90 39.00 0.00 12.18 648.8 4 21 62.60 46.90 0.00 13.75 662.5 4 22 64.90 41.00 0.00 11.95 674.5 4 23 73.40 37.40 0.00 14.89 689.4 4 24 81.00 46.00 0.00 22.50 711.9 4 25 84.20 48.00 0.00 25.10 737.0 4 26 84.90 48.00 0.00 25.45 762.4 4 27 57.20 50.00 0.02 12.60 775.0 4 28 61.00 46.40 0.08 12.70 787.7 4 29 60.10 46.40 0.06 12.25 800.0 4 30 59.00 48.00 0.01 12.50 812.5 5 1 59.00 50.00 0.00 13.50 826.0 5 2 73.90 39.20 0.00 15.72 841.7 5 3 78.10 44.60 0.00 20.35 862.1 peak pheromone trap catch 5 4 68.00 51.80 0.00 18.90 881.0 5 5 73.90 53.10 0.00 22.50 903.5 5 6 72.00 53.10 0.00 21.55 925.0 5 7 75.90 55.00 0.00 24.45 949.5 5 8 79.00 51.80 0.06 24.40 973.9 peak female adult emergence 5 9 68.00 55.00 0.13 20.50 994.4 5 10 63.00 51.10 0.05 16.05 1010.4 peak egg laying 5 11 69.80 44.10 0.00 15.95 1026.4 5 12 80.60 48.00 0.00 23.30 1049.7 5 13 90.00 48.20 0.00 28.10 1077.8 5 14 88.00 53.10 0.00 29.55 1107.3 5 15 69.80 55.00 0.00 21.40 1128.7 5 16 64.40 55.00 0.00 18.70 1147.4 5 17 64.90 53.10 0.00 18.00 1165.4 5 18 68.00 53.60 0.00 19.80 1185.2 5 19 71.60 51.10 0.00 20.35 1205.6 5 20 71.10 54.00 0.00 21.55 1227.1 5 21 72.00 44.10 0.00 17.05 1244.2 5 22 84.90 48.20 0.00 25.55 1269.7 5 23 81.00 55.00 0.00 27.00 1296.7 peak egg hatch 5 24 75.20 57.00 0.00 25.10 1321.8 5 25 72.00 53.10 0.00 21.55 1343.4 5 26 66.90 48.20 0.00 16.55 1359.9 5 27 79.00 51.80 0.00 24.40 1384.3 5 28 72.00 53.10 0.00 21.55 1405.9 5 29 66.90 50.00 0.00 17.45 1423.3 5 30 68.00 39.90 0.00 13.04 1436.4 5 31 64.40 50.00 0.03 16.20 1452.6 6 1 70.00 48.20 0.00 18.10 1470.7 6 2 82.00 48.20 0.00 24.10 1494.8 6 3 71.60 54.00 0.00 21.80 1516.6 6 4 68.00 51.10 0.00 18.55 1535.1 6 5 73.40 42.80 0.00 17.10 1552.2 6 6 78.80 48.00 0.00 22.40 1574.6 6 7 70.00 57.00 0.00 22.50 1597.1 6 8 69.80 55.40 0.25 21.60 1618.7 6 9 63.00 50.00 0.33 15.50 1634.2 6 10 57.20 50.00 0.15 12.60 1646.8 6 11 72.00 44.60 0.00 17.30 1664.1 6 12 79.00 42.80 0.00 19.90 1684.0 6 13 68.00 55.00 0.00 20.50 1704.5 6 14 66.90 53.10 0.00 19.00 1723.5 6 15 72.00 55.00 0.00 22.50 1746.0 6 16 77.00 57.00 0.04 26.00 1772.0 6 17 90.00 52.00 0.06 30.00 1802.0 6 18 82.40 55.00 0.00 27.70 1829.7 6 19 90.00 55.00 0.00 31.50 1861.2 6 20 93.20 62.10 0.00 36.65 1897.9 6 21 71.60 60.80 0.00 25.20 1923.1 6 22 75.90 60.10 0.00 27.00 1950.1 6 23 75.90 55.40 0.00 24.65 1974.7 6 24 90.00 53.10 0.00 30.55 2005.3 6 25 69.80 57.90 0.03 22.85 2028.1 6 26 74.00 48.00 0.00 20.00 2048.1 Px 6 27 75.80 53.10 0.00 23.45 2071.6 Px Pn peak in density large larvae 6 28 73.70 53.00 0.00 22.35 2093.9 Px Pn 6 29 79.00 64.00 0.00 30.50 2124.4 6 30 77.00 55.40 0.00 25.20 2149.6 7 1 75.90 57.20 0.02 25.55 2175.2 7 2 71.60 53.60 0.17 21.60 2196.8 7 3 78.80 48.00 0.00 22.40 2219.2 7 4 82.90 57.00 0.00 28.95 2248.1 7 5 87.80 55.00 0.00 30.40 2278.5 7 6 81.00 57.00 0.00 28.00 2306.5 7 7 79.00 62.10 0.00 29.55 2336.1 7 8 86.00 55.00 0.00 29.50 2365.6 7 9 71.60 57.00 0.00 23.30 2388.9 7 10 78.10 59.00 0.00 27.55 2416.4 7 11 88.00 59.00 0.00 32.50 2448.9 7 12 95.00 66.00 0.00 39.50 2488.4 7 13 91.40 62.60 0.00 36.00 2524.4 7 14 91.90 57.00 0.00 33.45 2557.9 7 15 99.00 60.80 0.00 38.90 2596.8 7 16 96.80 62.10 0.00 38.45 2635.2 7 17 90.00 60.10 0.00 34.05 2669.3 7 18 82.40 59.00 0.00 29.70 2699.0 7 19 71.60 57.00 0.00 23.30 2722.3 7 20 78.80 48.00 0.00 22.40 2744.7 7 21 80.60 53.60 0.00 26.10 2770.8 7 22 93.90 55.00 0.00 33.45 2804.2 7 23 93.90 59.00 0.00 35.45 2839.7 7 24 93.90 59.00 0.00 35.45 2875.1 7 25 96.80 59.00 0.00 36.90 2912.0 7 26 95.00 60.10 0.00 36.55 2948.6 7 27 90.00 59.00 0.00 33.50 2982.1 7 28 89.60 59.00 0.00 33.30 3015.4 7 29 98.60 62.10 0.00 39.35 3054.7 7 30 91.40 64.40 0.00 36.90 3091.6 7 31 88.00 62.10 0.00 34.05 3125.7 8 1 84.20 60.80 0.00 31.50 3157.2 8 2 71.60 60.10 0.00 24.85 3182.0 8 3 77.00 62.10 0.00 28.55 3210.6 8 4 84.90 55.40 0.00 29.15 3239.7 8 5 91.40 57.00 0.00 33.20 3272.9 8 6 91.40 62.10 0.00 35.75 3308.7 8 7 93.90 60.10 0.00 36.00 3344.7 8 8 93.90 62.10 0.00 37.00 3381.7 8 9 96.80 62.10 0.00 38.45 3420.1 8 10 91.40 64.00 0.00 36.70 3456.8 8 11 75.00 62.10 0.00 27.55 3484.4 8 12 77.00 60.10 0.00 27.55 3511.9 8 13 90.00 60.10 0.00 34.05 3546.0 8 14 93.90 57.00 0.00 34.45 3580.4 8 15 88.00 62.10 0.00 34.05 3614.5 8 16 82.90 60.80 0.00 30.85 3645.3 8 17 81.00 51.10 0.00 25.05 3670.4 8 18 87.80 55.40 0.00 30.60 3701.0 8 19 87.80 55.90 0.00 30.85 3731.8 8 20 82.90 57.00 0.00 28.95 3760.8 8 21 93.90 60.10 0.00 36.00 3796.8 8 22 91.90 57.00 0.00 33.45 3830.2 8 23 73.90 55.00 0.00 23.45 3853.7 8 24 71.60 51.80 0.00 20.70 3874.4 8 25 70.00 48.00 0.02 18.00 3892.4 8 26 66.90 60.10 0.05 22.50 3914.9 8 27 78.80 57.90 0.02 27.35 3942.2 8 28 88.00 51.80 0.00 28.90 3971.1 8 29 84.90 53.10 0.00 28.00 3999.1 8 30 75.20 57.00 0.00 25.10 4024.2 8 31 75.20 59.00 0.00 26.10 4050.3 9 1 75.20 50.00 0.00 21.60 4071.9 9 2 81.00 48.20 0.00 23.60 4095.5 9 3 78.80 55.00 0.00 25.90 4121.4 9 4 82.90 50.00 0.00 25.45 4146.9 9 5 91.00 51.80 0.00 30.40 4177.3 9 6 87.80 53.10 0.00 29.45 4206.7 9 7 84.20 51.10 0.00 26.65 4233.4 9 8 75.90 60.10 0.00 27.00 4260.4 9 9 79.00 55.00 0.00 26.00 4286.4 9 10 72.00 55.00 0.09 22.50 4308.9 9 11 68.00 53.10 0.18 19.55 4328.4 9 12 70.00 52.00 0.32 20.00 4348.4 9 13 70.00 51.80 0.38 19.90 4368.3 9 14 71.60 54.00 0.00 21.80 4390.1 9 15 66.20 51.80 0.04 18.00 4408.1 9 16 69.80 52.00 0.18 19.90 4428.0 9 17 69.80 46.40 0.00 17.10 4445.1 9 18 71.60 44.60 0.00 17.10 4462.2 9 19 71.60 44.60 0.00 17.10 4479.3 9 20 72.00 48.00 0.00 19.00 4498.3 9 21 75.20 48.00 0.00 20.60 4518.9 9 22 72.00 51.80 0.01 20.90 4539.8 9 23 68.00 48.00 0.00 17.00 4556.8 9 24 73.40 42.80 0.00 17.10 4573.9 9 25 80.60 44.10 0.00 21.35 4595.3 9 26 82.40 48.00 0.00 24.20 4619.5 9 27 84.20 50.00 0.00 26.10 4645.6 9 28 86.00 50.00 0.00 27.00 4672.6 9 29 66.20 53.10 0.02 18.65 4691.2 9 30 69.80 51.10 0.00 19.45 4710.7 10 1 72.00 57.00 0.00 23.50 4734.2 10 2 72.00 53.10 0.00 21.55 4755.7 10 3 66.20 39.00 0.00 11.83 4767.5 10 4 64.40 44.10 0.00 13.25 4780.8 10 5 54.00 42.10 0.52 7.05 4787.8 10 6 63.00 44.60 0.41 12.80 4800.6 10 7 55.40 42.80 0.17 8.10 4808.7 10 8 61.00 51.80 0.13 15.40 4824.1 10 9 64.90 48.90 0.00 15.90 4840.0 10 10 68.00 45.00 0.00 15.50 4855.5 10 11 70.00 41.00 0.00 14.50 4870.0 10 12 71.60 41.00 0.00 15.30 4885.3 10 13 71.60 42.10 0.00 15.85 4901.2 10 14 70.00 37.90 0.00 13.36 4914.5 10 15 73.40 35.10 0.00 14.25 4928.8 10 16 77.00 39.20 0.00 17.27 4946.1 10 17 73.90 36.00 0.00 14.73 4960.8 10 18 69.80 37.40 0.00 13.11 4973.9 10 19 69.80 41.00 0.00 14.40 4988.3 10 20 66.20 39.90 0.00 12.15 5000.5 10 21 69.80 39.00 0.00 13.62 5014.1 10 22 69.80 39.20 0.00 13.69 5027.8 10 23 60.80 42.10 0.05 10.45 5038.2 10 24 61.00 53.10 0.00 16.05 5054.3 10 25 57.90 53.60 0.37 14.75 5069.0 10 26 63.00 55.00 0.38 18.00 5087.0 10 27 64.90 53.60 1.40 18.25 5105.3 10 28 62.60 52.00 0.11 16.30 5121.6 10 29 57.20 44.10 0.03 9.65 5131.2 10 30 55.40 48.20 0.18 10.80 5142.0 10 31 59.00 50.00 0.05 13.50 5155.5 11 1 66.90 57.20 0.03 21.05 5176.6 11 2 64.90 51.10 0.09 17.00 5193.6 11 3 59.00 50.00 0.07 13.50 5207.1 11 4 64.40 46.00 0.10 14.20 5221.3 11 5 57.90 46.40 0.01 11.15 5232.4 11 6 57.20 41.00 0.02 8.10 5240.5 11 7 51.80 34.00 0.00 3.85 5244.4 11 8 54.00 32.00 0.00 4.56 5248.9 11 9 51.80 30.00 0.00 3.42 5252.3 11 10 53.60 33.10 0.00 4.52 5256.9 11 11 57.90 26.60 0.00 5.62 5262.5 11 12 51.80 39.00 0.00 4.74 5267.2 11 13 46.90 33.10 0.00 1.72 5268.9 11 14 52.00 33.10 0.02 3.82 5272.8 11 15 55.40 42.10 0.00 7.75 5280.5 11 16 55.40 39.00 0.00 6.50 5287.0 11 17 57.90 35.60 0.00 6.91 5293.9 11 18 55.40 30.00 0.00 4.93 5298.8 11 19 55.90 28.40 0.00 4.97 5303.8 11 20 53.60 28.00 0.00 3.97 5307.8 11 21 46.90 42.80 0.20 3.85 5311.6 11 22 51.80 42.80 0.50 6.30 5317.9 11 23 50.00 46.40 0.41 7.20 5325.1 11 24 46.40 33.10 0.00 1.53 5326.7 11 25 48.90 35.10 0.00 2.72 5329.4 11 26 51.10 44.10 0.46 6.60 5336.0 11 27 61.00 46.40 0.23 12.70 5348.7 11 28 51.80 46.00 0.22 7.90 5356.6 11 29 52.00 39.20 0.00 4.89 5361.5 11 30 51.80 41.00 0.10 5.40 5366.9 12 1 46.00 41.00 0.25 2.50 5369.4 12 2 48.90 37.00 0.00 2.97 5372.4 12 3 48.20 32.00 0.00 2.14 5374.5 12 4 48.20 35.60 0.00 2.48 5377.0 12 5 43.70 24.80 0.00 0.44 5377.4 Px 12 6 44.60 32.50 0.00 0.86 5378.3 Pn 12 7 42.80 23.00 0.01 0.23 5378.5 12 8 43.00 35.60 0.09 0.45 5379.0 12 9 43.00 37.00 3.54 0.51 5379.5
DD accumulation on 12-9-18: 5379QA 99% ok    
  
This year is about  versus  QA
 DDs exceed full year 2017 ok
 25 days behind 2016 ok
 DDs exceed full year 30-yr normals ok
Forecast using:  Fox - IPPC forecast for KVUO data
 12 10  51.20 40.30  0.08   4.83   5384.3  0.079_0.07%_precip.    
 12 11  54.20 39.90  0.58   6.18   5390.5  0.585_0.62%_precip.    
 12 12  54.10 44.00  0.09   8.05   5398.5  0.094_0.83%_precip.    
 12 13  56.80 43.70  0.21   9.25   5407.8  0.213_1.76%_precip.    
 12 14  49.70 44.20  0.18   5.95   5413.7  0.183_0.00%_precip.    
Forecast using: 10 yr Hist Avg KVUO 2006-2015
 12 15  45.20 34.50  0.33   1.17   5414.9  *hist_fcst*    
 12 16  43.60 35.10  0.20   0.63   5415.5  *hist_fcst*    
 12 17  45.00 34.50  0.19   1.09   5416.6  *hist_fcst*    
 12 18  44.90 33.90  0.28   1.03   5417.6  *hist_fcst*    
 12 19  45.00 34.90  0.12   1.12   5418.8  *hist_fcst*    
 12 20  44.60 35.70  0.21   1.02   5419.8  *hist_fcst*    
 12 21  44.80 35.20  0.38   1.06   5420.8  *hist_fcst*    
 12 22  46.10 35.10  0.16   1.56   5422.4  *hist_fcst*    
 12 23  45.50 35.40  0.14   1.34   5423.7  *hist_fcst*    
 12 24  45.30 35.00  0.31   1.24   5425.0  *hist_fcst*    
 12 25  43.20 34.40  0.20   0.48   5425.5  *hist_fcst*    
 12 26  43.20 34.60  0.19   0.49   5425.9  *hist_fcst*    
 12 27  43.20 35.00  0.17   0.50   5426.4  *hist_fcst*    
 12 28  45.00 35.80  0.29   1.18   5427.6  *hist_fcst*    
 12 29  46.00 35.30  0.22   1.53   5429.1  *hist_fcst*    
 12 30  42.70 32.50  0.22   0.30   5429.4  *hist_fcst*    
 12 31  41.50 29.40  0.08   0.04   5429.5  *hist_fcst*    
orange tortrix (mild winter) model - Knight
Location: 2018 KVUO Vancouver Pearson Fld
DD accumulation on 12-9-18: 5379 QA 99% ok  - show details 
  
This year is about  versus  QA
 DDs exceed full year 2017 ok
 25 days behind 2016 ok
 DDs exceed full year 30-yr normals ok
DateDDsEvent
 5-3-18 862peak pheromone trap catch
 5-8-18 974peak female adult emergence
 5-10-18 1010peak egg laying
 5-23-18 1297peak egg hatch
 6-27-18 2072peak in density large larvae
degree-day graph of orange tortrix (mild winter) [small fruit] Knight (1988)